Safety of inverter is an important aspect of owning and maintaining an inverter. Not taking care might result in damages to the inverter as well as you.
Inverters should be coming with an instruction booklet and you should go through it.
INSTALLATION OF THE INVERTER
You should choose an appropriate position for your inverter and this should be ventilated well and be away from fire and water. Lack of ventilation can damage the battery also. Never keep an inverter directly under sun.
Place the inverter slightly above the ground and as close as possible to the battery.
For installation or wiring always engage a good professional.
Buy inverters which have alarm installed as a safety measure. Inverters with shutoff feature that turns the inverter off when it power is low is a good option.
Load transfer switches should also be considered if you have a higher budget.
OTHER SAFETY TIPS
Check the water level of your battery for regularly and maintain it above the minimum level.
Keep your batteries rust-free, lubricate your battery terminals at least once every month.
Power overload due to high load appliances like geyser, fridge etc. should be avoided.
Make sure wiring is good as otherwise it can cause Short Circuit which can lead to fire.
Keep inverter in stable position where it does not vibrate or shake as it can cause brake down.
Earthing for the inverter should be proper.
Keep your inverters powered off mode when you are not at home.
An inverter fan is very important as it keeps the fan cool. It should be kept clean.
Keep inverter battery charged properly as weak battery is not good.
INVERTER PROTECTION FEATURES
While buying an inverter you should look for following protection features. This ensures that the inverter functions with minimum hassles and minimum maintenance.
Low Battery Voltage Alarm
When the inverter battery has been discharged to low levels, the inverter should have an alarm to alert such a status. This should be accompanied by relevant display also so that you can charge the inverter.
Low Battery Voltage Shutdown
Below certain voltage of the inverter battery, the system should be automaticalliy shut down. The system should again start functioning when the battery crosses the minimum voltage. This feature prevents complete discharge of the battery.
High Battery Voltage Shutdown
When the input voltage rises above a threshold level the system shuts down automatically.. The inverter will start working agains once the voltage comes below the limit.
Over Temperature Shutdown
If the temperature rises above the acceptable range, the inverter system should shut down.
AC Output Overload Shutdown
If a short circuit takes place, the system should shut down. The same should happen if there is an overload on the inverter.