Floors, Stairs & Carpeting

Types of Tiles

Ceramic Tiles

The word ‘ceramic’ comes from the greek word ‘keramos’ meaning pottery, it is related to an old sanskrit root meaning ‘to burn’ but was primarily used to mean ‘burnt stuff’. These are made from clay or a mixture of organic materials, ceramic tile is finished by kiln firing. They are available in many shapes and sizes and are sold in  glazed or unglazed fashion. For floors, tiles are set in a cement or mortar type mixture.
Ceramic tiles are hard and brittle in nature. They are also known to be heat and corrosion resistant in the long run. These tiles come in various finishes like the anti skid and mat finish, which are used on steps and in bathrooms. Floor tiles come in squares and wall tiles are mostly rectangular.

Also see Ceramic Tiles Buying Guide

Vitrified Tiles

Vitrified tile is a tile which has been processed in such a way that it has very low porosity (and water absorption) which make it stain resistant and very strong.
The tile is known for glazed look and a classic shine and is mostly being used in offices and commercial buildings.

Glass Mosaic Tiles

This type of flooring involves embedding small pieces of colored glass, stone, or ceramic tile called tessera in a background material such as plaster or mortar. The resulting finish is unique and a variety of designs can be created.
Most conventional apartments use grey or white mosaic.  These are relatively inexpensive. More affluent variety of mosaic is also available in the market for the deserving people.
These tiles have multicoloured block in them with a glass finish that makes them shine and are mostly used in kitchens, swimming pools, wash rooms and pooja rooms.

Marble Floor

Marble is metamorphosed limestone, composed of fairly pure calcite . It is extensively used for sculpture, as a building material, and in many other applications which includes flooring.
Marble has a relatively lower abrasion resistance compared to artificial floors. It is calcium carbonate which is strongly attached by Hydrochloric acid which is commonly used in toilet & floor cleaning. It yellows over extended time duration whereas man made tiles tend to retain their colour for decades.

Granite Floor

A common igneous rock composed of quartz, orthoclase, and hornblende, often accompanied by pyroxene or mica. It is called granite because of the granular surface. Granite is frequently used for buildings and monuments. It is a popular choice for not only flooring but also for countertops in kitchen and shelves.
Compared to marble, it is relatively inexpensive.

Concrete/Cement Floor

You can purchase ready made blocks which are ready to be laid in your home or the exteriors.

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