Compare Fully vs Semi Automatic Washing Machine

There are basically three types of washing machines in the market; Semi-automatic, top loading (with agitator and with impeller) and front loading washing machines. Each uses a different form of technology in order to wash clothes. Each also has its own advantages and disadvantages.


A semi-automatic washing machine contains two tubs, one for washing and the other for drying. Unlike a fully automatic washing machine, here after the washing cycle is complete you have to put the washed clothes in the drying tub for the drying cycle. This is more of an entry level washing machine.
Semi automatic machines require manual intervention in the controls. These are usually the twin tub machines. After the clothes are washed in one tub, they need to be transferred to the second tub for spinning. However, single tub semi-automatic machines are also available. They combine some of the features of automatic machines with the semi-automatic varieties.


  • Does not need a continuous water connection.
  • Consumes less water as compared to a fully automatic washing machine.
  • Washing cycle requires less time.
  • It can be moved easily from one place to another.


  • Manual intervention is required from washing to drying process.
  • You might get tiny shocks while moving clothes from washing to drying if the wiring in the house is not properly earthed.
  • All the controls are manual.
  • Requires more space.


This is the most common type of washing machine. Clothes are placed into the top of the washer, and a lid closed over the top. There are two types, an agitator and an impeller. First, here are general points about top loaders:


  • Generally cheaper than front loaders.
  • No fuss to throw more clothes in the wash midway through cycle.
  • Faster wash cycle.
  • Lighter weight.
  • Biggest range available – especially large capacity washing machines.
  • It can be moved easily from one place to another.


  • Water hungry
  • Rougher on clothes
  • Need extra space to open lid – not suitable for every laundry
  • Not all Top loading washing machines come with a built in heater.

Top loader – Agitator

This is by far the most common type of top loader. Clothes are moved around by the agitator – a winged pole in the middle of the drum.


  • Washing is good, like hand wash.


  • Rougher on clothes than impeller

Top loader – Impeller

Much less common than an agitator machine, an impeller looks like a propeller or fan and sits at the bottom of the washing machine drum. It whips up the water to move the clothes around.


  • No agitator may mean larger capacity
  • Is good for delicate clothes.


  • Tends to entangle clothes with its action
  • More likely to shut down due to drum being out of balance
  • Uses more water than agitator

Front loader

This washing machine looks like a clothes dryer, with a clear door at the front for placing clothes inside. It moves clothes around by rotating the drum, tumbling them in the same way a dryer does.


  • Comes with a built in heater.
  • Lower ongoing costs than a top loader.
  • Generally more water efficient.
  • Generally a more thorough wash because of a tumble wash.
  • Not as rough on clothes.
  • Generally has more cycle settings – many washers have a heating element for an extra hot wash.


  • Higher initial cost – they cost more than front loader
  • Generally can’t add clothes to wash midway through cycle.
  • Slower wash cycle – although some models have a quick setting.
  • It can be moved easily from one place to another because of its weight.
  • Smaller range and capacities available
  • Needs a fixed place

Semi Automatic Washing Machine

Top Loaded Washing Machine

Front Loaded Washing Machine


FeatureSemi AutomaticTop Loading AgitatorTop Loading ImpellerFront Loading
Capacity4-8 Kg5.5-6 Kg5.5-10 Kg5-8 Kg
Wash QualityAverageGoodGoodExcellent
Delicate ClothesOkRoughGoodExcellent
Wash CycleFastestFastFastSlow
Hot WashNoSomeSomeAll
Space RequiredMoreLessLessLess
Easily MovableYesYesYesNo
Water ConnectionNot requiredRequiredRequiredRequired with pressure

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